Vol MMXIII, No 281
October 8, 1821
James Long defeated at La Bahia
Long Expedition Fails
LA BAHIA (1821)
In 1820, James Long was dissatisfied with the 1819 Adams-Onis treaty in which the US relinquished claim to Texas. Believing that Texas was part of the 1803 Louisiana purchase from France, James W. Long with his wife and several families migrated to Texas, first to Nacogdoches where he proclaimed Texas Independence, then to Bolivar peninsula.
In September 1821, Long took a small garrison to La Bahia (Goliad) in an attempt to drive the Mexican army out of Texas. On this date in 1821, Long was defeated by commander Juan Ignacio Pérez.
The Mexican army had been sent to drive the Spanish and French out of Texas, and repel Anglos, including Long, who were settling in Texas from the State of Louisiana. Long was taken to Mexico City where he was accidentally killed.
His wife Jane, now abandoned at Bolivar, gave birth to his third child. The child was long thought to be the first Anglo baby born in Texas, and Jane for over a century was declared to be "The Mother of Texas" for that reason. Later research would reveal that other Anglo children were in fact born in Texas prior to 1821.
The Witte Museum in San Antonio opens
On this date in 1926, the Witte Museum opens adjacent to San Antonio's Brackenridge Park.
Sam Houston issues Appeal to rally Texas Patriots
On date in 1835, just days after the Mexicans are repelled from Gonzales, Sam Houston issues an appeal to all patriots to rally to the call of Texas liberty. He writes in his appeal, "The morning of glory has dawned upon us."